Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti commemorates the birth anniversary of India's second Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri.
Born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, Shastri was a key leader of the Indian National Congress during the country's freedom struggle.
After Independence, he served as Union Minister for Home Affairs and later as Deputy Prime Minister before becoming Prime Minister in 1964.
He is remembered for his leadership during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 and his slogan of "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" (Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer).
In 1921, Shastri joined the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. He was arrested and jailed several times for his participation in the movement
In 1931, Shastri married Lalita Devi. The couple had three sons: Harish Chandra (born 1932), Anil Kumar (born 1934), and Sunil (born 1936).
After India achieved independence in 1947, Shastri became a member of the Indian National Congress (INC).
He held several important positions in the government of Jawaharlal Nehru, including the Minister of Home Affairs and the Minister of Finance.
Shastri's tenure as Prime Minister ended abruptly with his sudden death in 1966. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.
On January 11, 1966, Lal Bahadur Shastri died suddenly in Tashkent, USSR (now Uzbekistan) after signing the Tashkent Declaration with Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan.