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Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti 1904-1966 and his Interesting Biography

lal bahadur shastri jayanti

Introduction

Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti commemorates the birth anniversary of India’s second Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri. Born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, Shastri was a key leader of the Indian National Congress during the country’s freedom struggle.

After Independence, he served as Union Minister for Home Affairs and later as Deputy Prime Minister before becoming Prime Minister in 1964. He is remembered for his leadership during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 and his slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer).

Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti
Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti

Early Life and Education

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, India. His father, Sharada Prasad Srivastava, was a schoolteacher who later became a clerk in the revenue office at Allahabad.

His mother, Ramdulari Devi, was a homemaker. He had two brothers and four sisters. Shastri’s childhood was spent in poverty; however, he excelled in his studies.

In 1918, he enrolled at the Kashi Vidyapeeth to study philosophy and sociology. He also took an interest in the freedom movement that was sweeping across India at the time.

In 1921, Shastri joined the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. He was arrested and jailed several times for his participation in the movement.

In 1930, he was arrested and jailed for six months for picketing outside a liquor shop in Allahabad. After his release from jail, he decided to dedicate his life to Gandhi’s principles of non-violence and truth.

In 1931, Shastri married Lalita Devi. The couple had three sons: Harish Chandra (born 1932), Anil Kumar (born 1934), and Sunil (born 1936).

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Political Career

Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 1964 to 1966. He was born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, and he died on January 11, 1966, in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Shastri’s political career began with his involvement in the independence movement. He was jailed several times by the British authorities for his participation in the Quit India Movement and other acts of civil disobedience. After India achieved independence in 1947, Shastri became a member of the Indian National Congress (INC).

He held several important positions in the government of Jawaharlal Nehru, including the Minister of Home Affairs and the Minister of Finance. In 1961, he succeeded Nehru as Prime Minister following the latter’s death.

As Prime Minister, Shastri continued Nehru’s policies of non-alignment and socialism. He also expanded the scope of the Green Revolution and launched the White Revolution to increase food production and boost the dairy industry respectively. He also advocated for a strong national defence and helped build support for India’s nuclear program.

Shastri’s tenure as Prime Minister ended abruptly with his sudden death in 1966. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour.

Prime Ministership

Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti is the birth anniversary of the second Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh.

He served as the Prime Minister of India from 1964 to 1966. Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti is celebrated every year to honour his memory and his contributions to the nation.

Death and Legacy

Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 1964 to 1966. He is considered one of the greatest leaders in Indian history and his birthday, October 2, is celebrated as National Unity Day.

Shastri was born in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh to a family of modest means. His father was a school teacher and he himself worked as a clerk in the government offices in Allahabad before getting involved in the independence movement. He was arrested and jailed several times during the struggle for freedom but never lost faith in the cause.

After India achieved independence, Shastri held various important posts in the government including Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of External Affairs. He played a key role in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 which led to the creation of Bangladesh.

On January 11, 1966, Lal Bahadur Shastri died suddenly in Tashkent, USSR (now Uzbekistan) after signing the Tashkent Declaration with Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan. The exact cause of his death remains a mystery but it is believed that he may have been poisoned.

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s legacy continues to inspire people all over the world. His simple lifestyle and commitment to the cause of national unity are an example for all to follow. His birthday is celebrated as National Unity Day in India and his Statue of Peace stands tall in Tashkent as a symbol of Indo-Pakistani friendship.

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Conclusion

Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti is celebrated every year to mark the birth anniversary of the former Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh and he served as the Prime Minister of India from 1964 to 1966.

He is remembered for his leadership during the 1965 India-Pakistan War and for his slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer). Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti is an important day in India’s history and is celebrated with great reverence and enthusiasm every year.

FAQ’s

Who Killed Lal Bahadur Shastri?

On January 11, 1966, Lal Bahadur Shastri died suddenly in Tashkent, USSR (now Uzbekistan) after signing the Tashkent Declaration with Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan. The exact cause of his death remains a mystery but it is believed that he may have been poisoned.

Who is Lal Bahadur Shastri?

Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 1964 to 1966. He was a leader of the Indian National Congress and played a key role in the country’s independence movement. After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, Shastri became Prime Minister and continued Nehru’s policies of non-alignment and socialism. He also advocated for food self-sufficiency and helped lead India to victory in the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War.

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